The Chief Secretary of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar, Dr. Abdulhamid Yahya Mzee, officiated a six-day regional Negotiation Skills executive programme for senior officials from Tanzania (mainland and Zanzibar), Uganda, Rwanda, Ghana, Nigeria and Namibia today.
Organised by UONGOZI Institute, the executive programme aims to equip the leaders with the necessary skills and techniques to negotiate and secure lucrative deals in the oil and gas industry that will reap substantial benefits for their nations and the African continent.
In his opening speech, Chief Secretary Dr. Mzee highlighted the timeliness of the training, with Tanzania currently settling the foundations to make the best use of discoveries for the development of the country.
“Such investments and the byproducts have the potential to not only create jobs for Tanzanians, but to bring in significant revenues from the export sale of the gas,” said Dr. Mzee.
He went on to note that this requires complex negotiations, necessitating training programmes such as this to ensure that the outcome of those negotiations provide optimal benefits to African nations.
On behalf of the CEO of UONGOZI Institute, the Head of Capacity Building at UONGOZI Institute, Mr. Kadari Singo said through the training, participants’ understanding of the sector and its complexities, as well as negotiation capacities in oil and natural gas commercial contracts and investments deals will be strengthened.
“This is the second year that we are running a regional programme on negotiation skills,” he explained, “UONGOZI Institute runs several executive education programmes throughout the year on negotiation skills for natural resources, and we feel that it is important that these skills are also built at a regional level, which brings us to this course.”
Zanzibar – The Chief Secretary of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar, Dr. Abdulhamid Yahya Mzee will officiate a six-day regional negotiation skills training for 35 senior Government officials from Tanzania, Uganda, Ghana, Namibia, Rwanda and Nigeria today.
The training, which will run from the 25th – 30th June, 2018, is organised by UONGOZI Institute in collaboration with the International Senior Lawyers Project (ISLP), a US based NGO specialising on legal issues.
According to a statement released by UONGOZI Institute, the training aims to enhance negotiation capacities and competencies of African senior government officials in oil and natural gas commercial contracts.
“This particular training targets senior officials from Ministries responsible for Finance, Environment, Energy and Minerals; and the Attorney General’s offices,” said Prof. Joseph Semboja, Chief Executive Officer of UONGOZI Institute.
He added, “We believe that if key personnel involved in the negotiation of oil and natural gas contracts are equipped with the necessary skills and techniques, they will be able to secure lucrative deals for the benefit of their countries.”
Participants will gain an in-depth overview of oil and natural gas regimes including; key issues to consider while negotiating oil and natural gas commercial contracts, joint ventures of oil and natural gas and agreements that govern them, and unique challenges faced by African nations in negotiating high-stake investment deals.
The training is part of a series of workshops organised by UONGOZI Institute with the aim of enhancing capacity of senior government officials in negotiating natural resource commercial contracts and other high-stake investment deals.
On 17th May, 2018 former Presidents H.E. Benjamin Mkapa of Tanzania, H.E. Thabo Mbeki of South Africa and H.E. Hassan Sheikh Mohamud of Somalia and about forty peace and security high-level practitioners and experts from across Africa gathered in Dar es Salaam to discuss Africa’s position in the global peace and security architecture.
The Meeting which was organised by the Office of the Former President of the United Republic of Tanzania, H.E. Benjamin Mkapa and UONGOZI Institute was themed “Africa in the Global Peace and Security Architecture – Overcoming Gridlocks to Peace”.
The Meeting served as a continuation of the African Leadership Forum (ALF) convened in Johannesburg, South Africa in August, 2017, by H.E. Mkapa and H.E. Mbeki and attended by five other former African Heads of State, including H.E. Olusegun Mathew Obasanjo of Nigeria; H.E. Elson Bakili Muluzi of Malawi; H.E. Mohamed Moncef Marzouki of Tunisia; H.E. Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete of Tanzania; and H.E. Hassan Sheikh Mohamud of Somalia.
The Meeting focused on two specific conflict areas in the region, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Federal Republic of Somalia and used Chatham House Rules to facilitate free and honest exchange.
The Meeting noted and applauded the growing role that the African Union (AU) and African institutions are playing in fostering peace and security in the Continent. Nevertheless, it noted that challenges remain and that a doubling of effort is necessary.
Commenting on the Meeting’s recommendations, H.E. Mkapa pointed out the need of streamlining peace and security structures in the African Union (AU) and other African regional blocs, as well as increasing collaboration with United Nations (UN) peace and security structures.
He stated, “It is critically important for the AU to present a unified voice in the international arena, however, the collaboration between AU and UN is essential to address key peace and security challenges in the African countries by learning UN’s experience.”
On his part, H.E. Mbeki elucidated on why the Meeting selected only two cases, Somalia and DRC.
He argued, “The Meeting wanted as practical results as possible, it could not discuss too many countries or examples, that is why two cases were chosen. Somalia case is important because it raises a question of the struggle against terrorism. As for the DRC, it borders nine African countries, and conflict in the DRC necessarily has semi-continental impact.”
He added, “The Meeting results will be fed into the processes taking place at the AU to help realise the organisation’s vision such as what is called ‘silencing the guns by 2020’.”
Relating with the experience in Somalia, after decades of military rule and dictatorship and civil war, H. E. Mohamud recognized that education is fundamental for ensuring that citizens understand the concepts of good governance and rule of law, but that this is not enough.
He said, “First and foremost, Africa’s leadership must lead by example. Leaders must follow the rules and act on citizens’ interests.”
The Executive Secretary of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), Amb. Zachary Muburi Muita emphasised on the need for regional leaders to work together on matters of peace and security.
He stated, “If one country explodes, the fire burns the neighbours immediately. And if there is peace and prosperity in one of the countries especially a central country like the DRC, the prosperity is going to spill over immediately to the neighbourhood.”
He further stated, “Thus, there is a need for political leaders, in a brotherly manner, to engage on matters of their neighbour(s) with the intention of finding African solutions to the African problems.”
The Meeting concluded with the following recommendations to Africa’s Leaders and the AU in order to address key peace and security challenges on the continent:
Strengthening the continent’s institutions tasked with peace and security matters;
Strengthening in-country frameworks for stakeholder engagement and consultation, and ensuring inclusive national discourse;
Increasing collaboration among national, regional and continental organs and frameworks contributing to conflict prevention and peace enforcement;
Streamlining and increasing collaboration with the United Nations peace and security structures, including the UN Security Council, and learning from their experience;
Promoting universal accession and implementation of the African Peer Review Mechanism as an essential tool for ensuring good governance, strong national level dialogue and inclusiveness;
Encouraging burden sharing, including financing of the peace and security effort by African governments.
A comprehensive report from the discussion will be forwarded to the AU Secretariat in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia as the Forum’s contribution to the organisation’s effort to drive the peace and security standing across the African continent.
UONGOZI Institute is pleased to welcome Dr. Kristiina Kuvaja-Xanthopoulos and Prof. Idris Suleiman Kikula as new Chairperson and new Vice Chairperson, respectively, of the UONGOZI Institute’s Board of Directors. Dr. Kuvaja-Xanthopoulos and Prof. Kikula were appointed by the President of the United Republic of Tanzania, H.E. Dr. John Pombe Magufuli on 15th May, 2018.
Dr. Kristiina Kuvaja-Xanthopoulos
Dr. Kuvaja-Xanthopoulos is Deputy Director General in the Department for Africa and the Middle East at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Finland.
Dr. Kuvaja-Xanthopoulos has over 20 years’ experience of global development policy and cooperation. She has also worked and conducted research in several countries in Europe, Africa and Asia, both in long- and short-term assignments.
Prof. Idris Suleiman Kikula
Re-appointed last year by the President, Prof. Kikula has been a Member of the UONGOZI Institute’s Board of Directors for over seven years. He was also appointed by President Magufuli in April, 2018 to serve as a Chairman of the newly-established Mining Council of Tanzania.
Prof. Kikula has vast experience in higher education, leadership development and sustainable development. He is well-known for his role as the first Vice Chancellor of the University of Dodoma, from 2007 to early 2018.
Other Members of the UONGOZI Institute’s Board of Directors include Dr. Laurean Ndumbaro, Permanent Secretary, President’s Office, Public Service Management and Good Governance; Dr. Stergomena Tax, Executive Secretary of the Southern African Development Community (SADC); Prof. Penina Mlama, Professor at the University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM); Dr. Cristina Duarte, Former Minister of Finance, Planning and Public Administration – Cape Verde; Ms. Iina Soiri, Director of the Nordic Africa Institute – Sweden; and Mr. David Walker, Former Director of the European School of Administration – United Kingdom.
The 2017 UONGOZI Institute Leadership Essay Competition received over 3,000 essays from across Africa. Contestants were asked to answer the following question on their essays:
“If you were a leader, what would you do to ensure that peace and security is achieved and sustained in Africa?”
Mr. Victor Azure, an aspiring young leader from Ghana emerged as the overall winner of the Competition.
As this year’s Leadership Essay Competition call for submissions is still open, we took the opportunity to interview Mr. Azure. In the interview, he shared his experience and tips for young Africans who are interested in participating in the competition.
Can you briefly introduce yourself?
My name is Victor Azure, a 25-year-old from Bolgatanga in the Upper East Region of Ghana. I am currently a postgraduate law student at the University of Ghana, the same university where I obtained my first degree in Political Science and Philosophy.
Before Law School, I worked as a Research Associate at the Legon Center for International Affairs and Diplomacy (LECIAD) where I served as a Project Assistant in the team that drafted Ghana’s Foreign Policy blueprint for the next 40 years as part of the country’s 40-Year Development Plan.
Through LECIAD, I wrote several policy briefs, published a book review on the Legon Journal of International Affairs and Diplomacy and an article in the Ghana Social Sciences Journal.
Furthermore, during the 2016 General Election in Ghana, I was part of the National Election Monitoring Team under the National Peace Council, which facilitated and developed mechanisms for conflict prevention and management.
What inspired you to participate in the Leadership Essay Competition?
First of all, I genuinely felt I had something to contribute on the topic, it was closely linked to the field I was working in as well as my educational background.
Secondly, I think my Ghanaian upbringing also inspired me to participate. Coming from the country of Kwame Nkrumah one cannot grow up consciously and not contemplate some of the things that he stood for, a liberated and united Africa. Peace and security are few of the elements needed to support Nkurumah’s vision.
Thirdly, I believe that Africa’s development can be fully realised if African youth are inspired to find innovative, well-suited and sustainable solutions to African problems. So, I was very excited to find a platform such as UONGOZI Institute’s Leadership Essay Competition, which allowed young people like me to contribute to important discussions on building a peaceful and sustainable Africa.
Tell us about your experience in Johannesburg at the African Leadership Forum, what interested you the most?
I used to tell my friends a joke that if I wasn’t a Ghanaian, then I would have probably been a South African. I am a history enthusiast, and I have always been moved with stories of freedom fighters and/or anti-apartheid activists like Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Winnie Mandela and others. Therefore, I was very pleased to be among the top five winners who were invited to attend the 2017 African Leadership Forum in Johannesburg, South Africa.
The Forum had a blend of leaders, experts and scholars from across Africa and other parts of the world, which made its discussions very interesting. It felt special to be in the same room with former Heads of State; H.E. Thabo Mbeki, former President of South Africa, H.E. Benjamin Mkapa, former President of Tanzania, H.E. Olusegun Obasanjo, former President of Nigeria, H.E. Mohamed Moncef Marzouki, former President of Tunisia, H.E. Bakili Muluzi, former President of Malawi, H.E. Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, former President of Somalia and H.E. Jakaya Kikwete, former President of Tanzania.
It was an eye-opening experience.
What tips can you share with young Africans who would like to participate this year?
Connect with the topic: You need to understand that you are the narrator, if you cannot connect to the topic enough to pin down examples and provide evidence, you might end up with a weak argument.
Do your homework: Almost everything under the sun has been written about. But, ideas are revised every now and then. Thus, before writing your essay, read about the subject; it will help you develop or enhance your knowledge on the subject, and you will be able to answer essay questions in the most creative way. The key here is to find a new way of presenting the issue.
Structure is important: You will not have more than two pages to discuss a very heavy topic. Structure can help you save space and say more. Your first paragraph should set out clearly what you want to achieve with your essay and how you are going to do it. This will enable the examiners to comprehend and follow your argument. Furthermore, subsequent paragraphs must run into each other to tell a coherent story. When paragraphs are coherent you are saved from writing a long conclusion.
Avoid plagiarism: Examiners will hold you to the higher standard than an ordinary blog or other social media platforms. Do not plagiarise, and acknowledge your sources.
March 21st, 2018 marks the first-ever graduation ceremony of UONGOZI Institute’s Postgraduate Diploma in Leadership. Officiated by the Minister of State, President’s Office, Public Service and Good Governance, Hon. George Mkuchika (MP), the ceremony was attended by senior officials from various Ministries, the Tanzania Police Force, development partners and universities.
In 2017, UONGOZI Institute and Aalto University Executive Education of Finland launched a year-long executive programme, the Postgraduate Diploma in Leadership, with a total of 32 participants. At the end of the programme, 94% of the participants graduated.
In his opening remarks, the CEO of UONGOZI Institute, Prof. Joseph Semboja stated that the executive programme is designed to equip senior government officials with the necessary skills and competencies to provide sustainable solutions through effective leadership.
“The Diploma focuses on enhancing leadership competencies in three areas, making strategic choices, leading people and other resources and excelling in personal leadership qualities. It is undertaken on an annual basis with a total of 10 modules,” he elaborated.
In his address, Hon. Mkuchika noted the uniqueness and high quality standards of the programme, stating that the graduates should value the opportunity and put the diploma to good use in their work.
“As the Minister responsible for Public Service and Good Governance, I am very proud to see public officials receiving leadership training of high global standard from a local institution. I now expect you to start implementing what you have learned from the programme,” he stated.
“It is indisputable that some of you were born with leadership capacities, but experiences and research inform us that leaders can be made through the process of teaching, learning and observation. This programme stands as a proof of that,” he continued.
On his part, the Deputy Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Home Affairs, Amb. Hassan Simba underscored the significance of the training for the leadership of Tanzania’s Police Force.
“Leadership within the police must be adaptable to change in order to help take the country in direction it needs to go. That is why this opportunity was provided for leaders within the police force,” he stated.
The Group Director of Aalto University Executive Education of Finland, Prof. Pekka Mattila, who also spoke at the event emphasised the long-term impact of the programme.
“I think this programme is a showcase of long-term thinking and investment,” he said, “strong leaders in the government and public sector in general is key to creating structures that enable economic growth.”
The graduation ceremony was also attended by 32 participants from the second cohort of the Post-Graduate Diploma in Leadership, which began earlier this week. The second cohort includes senior government officials from various Ministries and Public Agencies.
African Unity is and has been one of Africa’s enduring aspirations since the independence movements began. Even then, there was a tacit understanding that united, Africa stood a better chance of achieving its goals, than if Africans (and African) states could be divided. The challenge to pan-Africanism, solidarity and unity has always been that sovereignty – the right to self-rule and non-interference in ‘domestic’ matters. Pan-Africanism has been presented as necessitating sacrifice for the ‘greater good’. This is an ideology that successive generations of Africans increasingly question. What began as a political ideology has also emerged as an economic imperative as we see more and more cross-border projects (in infrastructure in particular) and the recognition that intra-African trade could be one of the keys to sustainable growth and transformation on the Continent. Despite the obvious benefits, and challenges, the idea of pan-Africanism is often thought of as out-dated, impractical, or romanticism by more recent generations, who tend to express a feeling of national unity, solidarity and pride, than regional – except in particular circumstances.
Nationalism is on the rise globally, and this carries both good and bad elements. In Africa, the issue of nationalism has always been tied with those of our borders, and how ‘artificial’ they are given ethnic and linguistic geographies across the continent. Unlike the borders of Europe (in particular) and elsewhere, Africa’ borders were established by a series of meetings often referred to as the Berlin Conference of 1884–85, where European colonial powers divided up the continent amongst different and competing powers. It should be noted, however, that one of the earliest decisions of the Organisation of African Unity (the predecessor to today’s African Union) was to maintain the colonial borders. In part, this was a recognition that there was a need for administrative units and that re-organising at such a stage would be a drain on precious resources at a time when resources were being marshalled to spread liberation across the continent. Another consideration may also have been that ultimately, these borders would fade away. One thorny issue that has plagued successive leaders of Africa, particularly those with Pan-African dreams has been how to make the youth and future generations care for and understand the importance of pan-Africanism.
The key question that is often asked is How? What can be done to instil this sense of unity, collective responsibility, and a common destiny despite the obvious diversity of our people? Sometimes, the simplest solution may, in fact, be the best. In a ‘Meet the Leader’ interview conducted by UONGOZI Institute, H.E. Nujoma – the First President of the Republic of Namibia – expresses how this has been tackled in Namibia:
“Africa must unite… Here in Namibia we are trying to make sure that our children understand. That’s why here in Namibia we have the African Union flag and we also sing the African Union Anthem at all our schools.” – H.E. Sam Nujoma
H.E. Nujoma outlined one simple, and potentially fruitful, strategy of keeping the pan-Africanist dream alive in future generations:
“The aim is to register in the minds of our children that one day our national flag will go into the museum, and the African Union flag will remain the only flag on the African Continent.” – H.E. Sam Nujoma
The approach is basic, and is indeed one that is adopted by most public schools in many of our countries in Africa – Sing the (national) anthem. Familiarity breeds understanding and appreciation. The more familiar and comfortable we are with the symbols African unity and pan-Africanism, the more comfortable we will be with the concept and its realisation. By outlining the intention of one day retiring the national flag to the museum, this clearly signals to the intrinsic link between the fate of Namibia (and Namibia) with that of Africa (and Africans).
Perhaps all African leaders should consider this simple, yet effective solution to enhancing regional integration and pan-Africanism on the continent..?
The Chief Secretary of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar, Dr. Abdulhamid Yahya Mzee, officiated a two-day Negotiation Skills training for Permanent Secretaries and Deputy Permanent Secretaries of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar, on Monday 19th February, 2018.
Organised by UONGOZI Institute, the training aims to equip the aforementioned leaders with necessary skills and techniques to bargain and secure lucrative deals in the oil and gas industry that will reap substantial benefits in the future.
In his opening speech, Chief Secretary Dr. Mzee highlighted the significance of the training, emphasising the importance of negotiation skills for the development of the island state.
“Negotiating skills are very critical to effective leadership. Public leaders negotiate every day, good deals benefit their Governments and the general public; however, a simple mistake or misunderstanding can yield negative consequences”, he stated.
On behalf of the CEO of UONGOZI Institute, the Head of Capacity Building at UONGOZI Institute, Mr. Kadari Singo said through the training, participants’ negotiation capacities in oil and natural gas commercial contracts and investments deals will be strengthened.
“In this training, participants will be exposed to the unique challenges and characteristics of international negotiations, and learn effective negotiation tools and techniques to help them achieve best results in oil and gas deals”, he explained.
Something very sad is happening across Africa. There is a generational transition as most of the ‘Liberation Generation’ – that is, those who participated in the various independence movements and struggles of the 60s onwards – are dying. Each year another round heroes, veterans, and icons takes their final, and well-deserved rest. The saddest part is not that we are losing these historic men and women, but that they are departing us fairly quietly – even those who are honoured by state funerals, and a torrent of public obituaries and international condolence messages. Their roles, thoughts, efforts, and ultimately their legacies are absorbed into the generalised history of our respective countries.
Every culture around the world has been recorded and preserved through the rich tradition of storytelling. It is strange then, that on the continent known for storytelling, that memoirs are not very common in Africa. It is a marked difference between our society, and others around the world – In general, our Elders and Leaders are not in the habit of producing memoirs or treatises. Without these, the specific lessons, contexts and ideas of these people are under threat – and the world, but Africa in particular, are poorer for it. Before it is too late, we must request, support, and perhaps even demand the distinguished daughters and sons of Africa to record their journeys and experiences for the benefit of future generations.
Memoirs provide the flesh to the skeletons that our history books and curricula provide for us. Detailing the world beyond the general to understand why things happened, how they happened, who was involved, what were the key considerations, and what were the fears and aspirations at the time of decisions and interventions. Such recordings are vital for us, about to embark on the next way of social, political and economic transformation, to understand who we are, how we came to be, why we are where we are, and what aspirations our predecessors had for us. Learning from the past is an important way of increasing our odds for success in the future.
Memoirs are great stories as well as historical sources that enable deeper understanding of historical events, and therefore the present and future trajectories. Moreover, in this era of heightened inter-dependence and intermingling the need to understand each other continues to be more and more important. These insights help us not only understand ourselves, but also invite the rest of the world to understand us better. Understanding breeds trust – the foundation for good collaboration.
As a genre of writing, memoirs do have their challenges and criticisms– ranging from validity of the memories of authors, the temptation to take up defensive positions and promote justifications, and other forms of information bias. They are, after all, peculiar perspectives on history. Their role is to form parts of, or supplements to, the greater whole. It is also unlikely that authors are likely to receive great financial rewards for their words. The issue at stake is that this forms part of the inter-generational dialogue within and between societies.
For the case of Africa, the wisdom of our Elders – so long a core tradition that has characterised the people of this continent – is being lost, and ignored. If nothing else, this is a plea to our Elders and indeed the rest of us, to not let this happen.